Definition

Names of areas, regions, localities, cities, suburbs, towns or settlements, or any geographical or topographical feature of public or historical interest.

Description

A geographical name is a proper noun applied to a natural, man-made or cultural feature on Earth. A feature can have different names in one or several languages and the names may be provided, together with appropriate information on the feature, in different products like maps and gazetteers as well as respective services. An endonym is a name for a geographical feature in an official or well-established language occurring in that area where the feature is situated. An exonym is a name used in a specific language for a geographical feature situated outside the area where that language is widely spoken, and differing in form from the respective endonym(s) in the area where the geographical feature is situated. (UNGEGN, 2007). In some cases names can be applied as attributes of appropriately modeled spatial objects. However, often the definition, classification, geometry and other attributes of these objects do not correspond with the respective named features. Besides, commonly named features such as elevations, islands, natural shoreline features and stretches of water bodies are seldom modeled as objects in spatial data sets. A geographical name serves as a means to identify a location. Gazetteers and gazetteer services associate the names with corresponding features – or locations – by means of co-ordinates, feature types and/or other necessary information. A multi-lingual gazetteer (service) shall most probably be established as a part of INSPIRE.

Technical Guidance

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    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Data Specifications INSPIRE Thematic Working Group Geographical Names INSPIRE Thematic Working Group Geographical Names en Data Specifications 17/04/2014
    Version:  3.1 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    This document describes the INSPIRE Data Specification for the spatial data theme Geographical Names
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  • Legal Acts

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    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Spatial Data Services European Commission European Commission en Data Specifications 11/12/2014
    Version:  none Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    Commission Regulation (EU) No 1312/2014 of 10 December 2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data services
    URL DOCUMENT TYPE
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  • METADATA FOR DOCUMENT

    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Data Specifications European Commission European Commission en Data Specifications 10/12/2013
    Version:  1.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1253/2013 of 21 October 2013 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services
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  • METADATA FOR DOCUMENT

    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Data Specifications - - en Data Specifications 05/02/2011
    Version:  1.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    amendment to the regulation on the interoperability of spatial data sets and services regarding code lists
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  • METADATA FOR DOCUMENT

    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Data Specifications European Commission European Commission en Data Specifications 08/12/2010
    Version:  1.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1089/2010 of 23 November 2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services
    URL DOCUMENT TYPE
    DOWNLOAD THIS DOCUMENT Legislation