Definition

Physical and biological cover of the earth's surface including artificial surfaces, agricultural areas, forests, (semi-)natural areas, wetlands, water bodies.

Description

Land cover data is a physical or biological description of the earth surface. In this way it is different from the land use data (Annex III, theme number 4), dedicated to the description of the use of the Earth surface. Land cover information has to be homogenous and comparable between different locations in Europe, based on the infrastructures for Land Cover information created by the Member States (if existing), and made available and maintained at the most appropriate level. A land cover data set consists of a collection of land cover units. These units may be points, polygons or raster cells (resulting in two core models, one for vector data and one for raster data). The land cover data set is also linked to a code list (e.g. the CORINE Land Cover code list). CORINE Land Cover as well as most regional and national land cover data sets, can be represented using one of the core models. Land cover information used in monitoring linked to EU agricultural policy (IACS), in carbon monitoring (LULUCF) and used in land and ecosystem accounting based on CORINE Land Cover (LEAC).

Technical Guidance

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    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    INSPIRE Data Specification for the spatial data theme Land Cover European Commission Joint Research Centre European Commission Joint Research Centre en Data Specifications 10/12/2013
    Version:  3.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    This document describes the INSPIRE Data Specification for the spatial data theme Land Cover
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  • Legal Acts

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    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Spatial Data Services European Commission European Commission en Data Specifications 11/12/2014
    Version:  none Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    Commission Regulation (EU) No 1312/2014 of 10 December 2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data services
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  • METADATA FOR DOCUMENT

    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Data Specifications European Commission European Commission en Data Specifications 10/12/2013
    Version:  1.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1253/2013 of 21 October 2013 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services
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  • METADATA FOR DOCUMENT

    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Data Specifications - - en Data Specifications 05/02/2011
    Version:  1.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    amendment to the regulation on the interoperability of spatial data sets and services regarding code lists
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  • METADATA FOR DOCUMENT

    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Data Specifications European Commission European Commission en Data Specifications 08/12/2010
    Version:  1.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1089/2010 of 23 November 2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services
    URL DOCUMENT TYPE
    DOWNLOAD THIS DOCUMENT Legislation