Definition

Vulnerable areas characterised according to natural hazards (all atmospheric, hydrologic, seismic, volcanic and wildfire phenomena that, because of their location, severity, and frequency, have the potential to seriously affect society), e.g. floods, landslides and subsidence, avalanches, forest fires, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions.

Description

Natural risk zones are zones where natural hazards areas intersect with highly populated areas and/or areas of particular environmental/ cultural/ economic value. To define or pre-estimate a Risk following parameter are necessary: potential hazard, probability of its occurrence and vulnerability of the exposed populations and of the environmental, cultural and economic assets in a specific zone. Natural hazards can be classified by origin namely: geological, hydro-meteorological or biological. Hazardous events can vary in magnitude or intensity, frequency, duration, area of extent, speed of onset, spatial dispersion and temporal spacing. Specific examples for different types of hazard were identified: Floods (calculation of flood impact, reporting and flood hazard/risk mapping), Risk Management Scenario (an example from a national perspective), Landslides (hazard mapping, vulnerability assessment and risk assessment), Forest fires (danger, vulnerability and risk mapping) and Earthquake insurance. Following four key spatial object types that are modelled, Hazard area, Observed event, Risk zone and Exposed element.

Technical Guidance

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    INSPIRE Data Specification for the spatial data theme Natural Risk Zones European Commission Joint Research Centre European Commission Joint Research Centre en Data Specifications 10/12/2013
    Version:  3.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    This document describes the INSPIRE Data Specification for the spatial data theme Natural Risk Zones
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  • Legal Acts

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    Spatial Data Services European Commission European Commission en Data Specifications 11/12/2014
    Version:  none Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    Commission Regulation (EU) No 1312/2014 of 10 December 2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data services
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    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
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    Data Specifications European Commission European Commission en Data Specifications 10/12/2013
    Version:  1.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1253/2013 of 21 October 2013 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services
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    Data Specifications - - en Data Specifications 05/02/2011
    Version:  1.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    amendment to the regulation on the interoperability of spatial data sets and services regarding code lists
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    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
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    Data Specifications European Commission European Commission en Data Specifications 08/12/2010
    Version:  1.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1089/2010 of 23 November 2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services
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