Definition

Area designated or managed within a framework of international, Community and Member States' legislation to achieve specific conservation objectives.

Description

Area designated or managed within a framework of international, Community and Member States' legislation to achieve specific conservation objectives. According to IUCN and adopted for the INSPIRE context a protected site is: An area of land and/or sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means. Protected sites may be located in terrestrial, aquatic and/or marine environments, and may be under either public or private ownership. They may include localities with protection targets defined by different sectors and based on different objectives, especially dedicated to the conservation of nature, the protection and maintenance of biological diversity and of natural and where appropriate associated cultural resources. The sites may receive protection due to more than one type of objectives, and may have a double or multifarious designation status. Protected sites differ from environmentally founded classifications of natural or cultural objects and also from area covering designations as included in CDDA, as localisation, boundary and area of protected sites are based on formal, legal or administrative agreements or decisions. Although all protected sites meet the general purposes contained in this definition, in practise the precise purposes for which protected sites are managed differ greatly. The main purposes of designation are specified in categories of CDDA (4.5.2 National designation type category) and according to the typology developed in the Standard Data Form for Natura2000 under the Habitat Directive, furthermore, categories of IUCN for Protected Sites and other international designation types have to be applied. A new classification system of protected sites with an overall set of categories under the INSPIRE directive, therefore, has to include Sites of Community Importance (SCI) under the Habitat directive and Special Protection Areas (SPA) under the Birds directive, as well as further designation types on a global level. This definition of protected sites does not exclude man-made objects or other kinds of cultural heritage sites – protected sites may therefore include where formal protection is given to buildings, archaeological sites of all pre-historic and historic times, including medieval sites/constructions or other cultural objects. This may also be applied to protected sites comprising specific geological, hydrogeological or geomorphological values. Protected sites in many cases have a formal delineation documentation in cadastral databases. However, delineation injunctions for protected sites are manifold and may just as often not follow cadastral boundaries (e.g. for reasons of generalisation in small scale maps for Natura2000). Being spatial objects under the INSPIRE directive, however, protected sites need to have distinct boundaries of their own, rather than being a mere specific category of some other spatial object type. Examples of legislation and policies regulating protected sites are Habitat directive (1992) (Directive 92/43/EEC), Birds directive (Directive 79/409/EEC), World Heritage, Ramsar Convention, Barcelona Convention, Helsinki Convention, OSPAR Convention, national law and other international sector policies.

Technical Guidance

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    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Data Specifications INSPIRE Thematic Working Group Protected Sites INSPIRE Thematic Working Group Protected Sites en Data Specifications 17/04/2014
    Version:  3.2 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    This document describes the INSPIRE Data Specification for the spatial data theme Protected Sites
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  • Legal Acts

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    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Spatial Data Services European Commission European Commission en Data Specifications 11/12/2014
    Version:  none Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    Commission Regulation (EU) No 1312/2014 of 10 December 2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data services
    URL DOCUMENT TYPE
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  • METADATA FOR DOCUMENT

    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Data Specifications European Commission European Commission en Data Specifications 10/12/2013
    Version:  1.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1253/2013 of 21 October 2013 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services
    URL DOCUMENT TYPE
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  • METADATA FOR DOCUMENT

    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Data Specifications - - en Data Specifications 05/02/2011
    Version:  1.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    amendment to the regulation on the interoperability of spatial data sets and services regarding code lists
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  • METADATA FOR DOCUMENT

    SUBJECT PUBLISHER SOURCE LANGUAGE CATEGORY PUBLICATION
    DATE
    Data Specifications European Commission European Commission en Data Specifications 08/12/2010
    Version:  1.0 Is this the latest version? YES
    DESCRIPTION
    COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1089/2010 of 23 November 2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services
    URL DOCUMENT TYPE
    DOWNLOAD THIS DOCUMENT Legislation