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According to the Convention on Biological Diversity, protected areas are the cornerstones of biodiversity conservation; they maintain key habitats, provide refugee, allow for species migration and movement, and ensure the maintenance of natural processes across the landscape. Better managed, better connected, better governed and better financed protected areas are recognized as the key to both mitigation and adaptation responses to climate change. Ecologically, a species cannot be isolated from its surrounding. It is not possible to protect or conserve species by themselves; it is needed to approach with their surroundings. In order to determine the actual conservation areas and their borders, there is an absolute necessity to determine the spatial distribution of target species and habitat types. With the help of the INSPIRE Directive which aims to create the EU’s spatial data infrastructure, it is intended to visualize the distribution according to Directive’s Themes (Annex I, Annex II and Annex III).
During the Environmental Protection Agency for Special Areas’ governance term (1989-2011), biodiversity researches and species & habitat monitoring projects were carried out in Special Environmentally Protected Areas (SEPAs, registered based on Barcelona Convention) using spatial data followed by biotope mapping projects particularly in Lake Tuz SEPA, Belek SEPA, Delta of Göksu SEPA. In 2011, Decree No: 644 delivered the task and responsibility of “Conservation Sites” based on Law on the Conservation of Cultural and Natural Property (No: 2863, Date: 23.07.1983) and for the first time, these “Conservation Sites” are being reassessed by 22 “Ecologically Based Scientific Research Projects”, in 21 administrative regions at the whole country-level. As a result of these projects it is targeted to achieve biodiversity inventory, geological identity and landscape characteristics obtained from geospatial data. Via these structural data, external borders of the existing Conservation Sites are going to be settled. It is decided to transfer the know-how obtained from biotope mapping projects in EPASA for those three SEPAs to the Conservation Sites based on Law on the Conservation of Cultural and Natural Property (No: 2863, Date: 23.07.1983) and reassessed basis with IUCN protected area classification.
There were some incompatibilities which have been experienced on data standardization while and after these biotope mapping and other research projects, therefore it is aimed to diminish and even eliminate those incompatibilitiesthat occurred because of unstandardized data by using standards compatible with INSPIRE Directive, in the oncoming steps and after the “Ecologically Based Scientific Research Projects” are concluded.
Topic Area: [1.2] Nature and biodiversity Abstract Type: Oral Presentation
Comments: biodiversity conservation; species; geographical information systems; INSPIRE; biotope mapping
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