INSPIRE Knowledge Base

CNES (CENTRE NATIONAL D'ETUDES SPATIALES)

LMO Description
Organisation: 
CNES (CENTRE NATIONAL D'ETUDES SPATIALES)
Proposed role in INSPIRE development
  • submit reference material as input to the Drafting Teams
  • yes
    Details
    Level of authority: 
    National
    CNEs is a national organisation, although it provides earth observation data all over the world, and beyond.
    Formal Mandate: 
    <p>CNES is the French Space Agency, a state-owned organisation founded in 1961. It works on behalf of the government to shape and implement France's Space policy.</p>
    Main Activities: 
    CNES is determined to play a decisive role in society. Both for access to Space and Space Applications, CNES expertise will play a central role in meeting the challenges of the 2rst century. 1) Sustainable Development: Space resources are vital to learn more about the Earth and its evolution. Earth observation and measurements offer a way of ensuring sustainable stewardship. CNES and its partners in Europe-through the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security Initiative (GMES)- and around the world, have orbited dedicated satellites to observe the environment on land, at sea and in the atmosphere, as well as for hazard and crisis management and mitigation. The most well-known are the SPOT 4 and SPOT 5 satellites using the VEGETATION and HRS instruments, the Topex/Poseidon and Jason-1 oceanography satellites, Argos transmitters, Envisat and shortly, Jason-2 and the Pleiades constellation. Recent satellites such as DEmeter (earthquakes), Parasol and Calipso (radiation) and Megha Tropiques (water cycles) have deeply improved our understanding of processes at work in the "Earth system". 2) Applications for the public at large Space technologies will be offering the most innovative, socially oriented services in the years to come, in an increasingly competitive economic environment. Space is agreat equalizer for bridging disparities in education, health and citizenship, which are mainly territorial. For example, CNES has developed the concept of a "communications-enabled village" that combines the high rates offered by satellite technology with land based technology.
    Area of work/experience
    Geographic Domain:: 
    International
    CNES provides Earth Observation data all over the world
    Societal Sector: 
    Governmental Agency
    Previous Experience relevant for INSPIRE development: 
    1) Participation to the development of the GMES/HMA for ESA 2) INCAS Project 3) Participation to GEOSS
    Primary Business: 
    Producer of Earth Observation Data
    Environmental application domains: 
    Monitoring Biodiversity, Monitoring Land use, Monitoring Air Pollution, Monitoring Climate, Spatial Planning, Earth Quake Prevention and Management, Forest Fire Prevention and Management