INSPIRE Knowledge Base

Geological Institute of Hungary

LMO Description
Organisation: 
Geological Institute of Hungary
Proposed role in INSPIRE development
  • submit reference material as input to the Drafting Teams
  • yes
  • submit reference material as input to the Drafting Teams
  • yes
  • contribute to awareness raising and training
  • yes
  • be kept informed
  • yes
  • implement pilot projects to test/revise/develop the draft Implementing Rules
  • yes
    Details
    Level of authority: 
    National
    Hungary
    Formal Mandate: 
    <p><b>Mission</b><br><br /> The Geological Institute of Hungary, founded in 1869, is a public sector research institute. Our mission is to support Hungary’s economic competitiveness, the effectiveness of public services and policy by providing up-to-date geoscientific information for the government and the society. As a national geological survey, we are responsible to advance geoscientific knowledge of Hungary’s landmass by systematic acquisition, interpretation, management and dissemination of geoscientific data. By the systematic surveying of Hungary, we provide comprehensive and impartial geoscientific information and advice to decision makers enabling sustainable and efficient choices to be made in utilizing and managing the environment and its resources. </p> <p><b>Organization</b><br><br /> Research is carried out in a matrix system of departments and projects. Departments (Geological Research, Hydrogeology, Environmental Geology, Geoinformatics, Laboratories, Library, Museum) are the basic units, the activity of projects may span over several departments. Projects are partly financed from the central state budget, while the major part is constituted by different publicly funded orders from governmental agencies, ministries, as well as by national and international projects and tenders.<br /> The total number of staff is 113 with 72 researchers with university diploma and various scientific degrees and 41 technicians.<br /> MÁFI is a full member of EuroGeoSurveys and its scientists are representing the Institute in a large number of international geoscientific organizations (IGCP, IUGS, etc.).<br /> MÁFI is performing its research activity under the quality control system of MSZ EN ISO 9001:2001</p>
    Main Activities: 
    3D geological framework of Hungary One of the core programmes of MÁFI is to establish and further develop the 3D geological framework of Hungary which is the essential baseline for the rest of our applied geological research. It provides full geoscientific information about the surface and subsurface of the country. This is a system of digital geological maps of entire Hungary, linked to various borehole databases (from shallow to deep) and other thematic databases (hydrogeological, environmental geological, agrogeological, geochemical, geotechnical, etc.). The continuous improvement and the increase of resolution of the model at various scales highly depends on the specific users’ needs (e.g. sustainable water management, exploration of mineral resources, urban development, etc.). Hydrogeology The environmental sustainability of water resources is one of the major European policies. Contributing to the implementation of the Water Framework Directive, MÁFI is uniquely placed to survey groundwater resources of Hungary. We perform the geological and hydrogeological characterization of groundwater bodies (GWB) of the whole country with a special respect to transboundary aquifers. We explore effects of human and/or natural impacts on the water cycle: changes in recharge, discharge and groundwater flow systems. We also assess groundwater quality, effects of pollutions, threats to human health, such as high concentration of arsenic and other potentially toxic elements. MÁFI maintains and operates a national groundwater monitoring system composed of 180 wells. Time series data at a national scale on Hungary’s aquifers provide information on changes in water quality which – among others – is especially relevant to climate change impact assessments. The regional groundwater models depict spatial and temporal changes in groundwater flow systems and deeper hydrothermal systems, too. These models provide essential information for sustainable water management. Environmental Geology Agrogeological research has long-lasting traditions in MÁFI. It contributes to sustainable management of soils, which is a recent European initiative. We study processes that operate in the regolith zone, rock-soil-groundwater interactions, their effects and impacts. This helps us to predict soil erosion and degradation, such as sodification, acidification, and also effects of climate change and land management scenarios. Urban geology explores interactions between the natural and built environment. A significant part of our activity is linked to various waste disposal projects. In addition to the country-wide site selection for optimal disposal of communal wastes, MÁFI has a leading role in site characterization of low-, medium- and high-active radioactive waste disposal sites.
    Area of work/experience
    Geographic Domain:: 
    National
    Hungary
    Societal Sector: 
    central government, public works, research
    Previous Experience relevant for INSPIRE development: 
    Priority activities include the establishment and further development of the 3D geological framework of Hungary, which is a system of digital geological maps of entire Hungary, linked to various borehole databases (from shallow to deep) and other thematic databases (hydrogeological, environmental geological, agrogeological, geochemical, geotechnical, etc.). Contributing to the implementation of the Water Framework Directive, MÁFI is uniquely placed to survey groundwater resources of Hungary. We perform the geological and hydrogeological characterization of groundwater bodies (GWB) of the whole country with a special respect to transboundary aquifers. We explore effects of human and/or natural impacts on the water cycle: changes in recharge, discharge and groundwater flow systems. We also assess groundwater quality, effects of pollutions, threats to human health, such as high concentration of arsenic and other potentially toxic elements. MÁFI maintains and operates a national groundwater monitoring system composed of 180 wells. The regional groundwater models depict spatial and temporal changes in groundwater flow systems and deeper hydrothermal systems, too. These models provide essential information for sustainable water management.
    Primary Business: 
    geology
    Environmental application domains: 
    monitoring, mapping