INSPIRE Knowledge Base

Institut Géographique National

LMO Description
Organisation: 
Institut Géographique National
Proposed role in INSPIRE development
  • allocate experts to Drafting Teams
  • yes
  • submit reference material as input to the Drafting Teams
  • yes
  • submit reference material as input to the Drafting Teams
  • yes
  • register a project to test/revise/develop the draft Implementing Rules
  • yes
  • contribute to awareness raising and training
  • yes
  • implement pilot projects to test/revise/develop the draft Implementing Rules
  • yes
    Details
    Level of authority: 
    National
    France
    Formal Mandate: 
    <p>Mission and objectives<br /> IGN is a National Mapping Agency. Its mission is described by decree n° 81-505 of May 12 1981, modified by decrees n° 85-342 of March 15 1985, n°91-177 of February 18 1991 and n°2004-1246 of November 22, 2004.<br /> IGN’s vocation is: geometrical and physical description of the national territory and land use of France, generation of all appropriate representations thereof, diffusion of the corresponding information.<br /> Its general interest missions are (Title I article 2.I):<br /> a) implantation and maintenance of the geodetic and levelling networks related to the national reference system for geographic, planar and altitude coordinates (INSPIRE annex I.1 and II.1)<br /> b) realization, periodical renewal and diffusion of the aerial photographic coverage of the national territory (INSPIRE annexe II.5)<br /> c) constitution and update on the whole territory of geographical databases and cartographic base data, in particular the “large scale referential” (RGE), which is an 1/10,000 scale integrated database for topography (road network, land use ad vegetation, buildings and equipments, altimetry, hydrography, administrative boundaries, place names and railroad network), orthoimagery, addresses and cadastre). This means harmonization of INSPIRE annexes items I.1, I.3, I.4, I.5, I.6, II.1, II.2, II.3, II.4, II.5, II.2, II.5.<br /> d) research and development in the field of geographical information, in particular with respect to earth observation and satellite positioning<br /> e) management of the documentation pertaining to the above activities, in particular management of the national photographic archive<br /> f) direction of the activities of the National “School” of Geographical Science (a dedicated higher education institution)<br /> g) contribution to the work conducted in France and at international level on organization and normalization of geographical information.<br /> Furthermore (Title I article 2.II) IGN is in charge of constituting the “large scale referential” (RGE), and all services and public authorities of the State must deliver the data they have to IGN and use the RGE when it fits their needs, in the framework of agreements passed between each of them ad IGN. IGN, within the limits of public safety and national defence requirements, gives access to the RGE data to any person asking for it, including when the intent is the development of products and derived services. The conditions of this access and data reuse if fixed in advance by IGN, according to principles of transparency and non-discrimination. Tariffs are determined so that the commercial income (thus excluding subsidies) over the RGE lifetime does not exceed the cost of constitution, update and diffusion.</p> <p>Mandate<br /> IGN is a public entity with administrative statute.<br /> As a NMA (National mapping agency) it is a public authority in the sense of INSPIRE, and also a LMO.<br /> It nevertheless also has missions that go beyond NMCA (National Mapping and Cadastral Agency) tasks, for it also has a sizeable research &amp; development activity, as well as a mission of initial and continuous training.<br /> Last, it was and is member of various European projects relevant to INSPIRE (EuroRegionalMap, EuroGlobalMap and SABE, Eurosion, Messina, Corine Land Cover 2000, European Topic Center/Terrestrial Environment, EuroRoadS, “SDIGER” INSPIRE pilot project, etc.). It also participates via its members to various initiatives of EuroGeographics, the pan-European NMCA organization, and in particular in the “EuroSpec” umbrella program, through participation to the EuroRoadS project as well as in the “Information and Data Specifications” and “Distributed Systems Architecture” expert groups.</p>
    Main Activities: 
    Main activities of IGN relevant to INSPIRE include production and use of geographical information and databases, integration, merging and interoperability of databases, data generalisation, all scales, many themes from the INSPIRE annex and virtually all themes from annexes I and II. One may also mention active participation of IGN experts in the standardisation activities in AFNOR, CEN, DGIWG and ISO. IGN being a National mapping agency, it has considerable expertise in Metadata elaboration, quality control, integration of data from other actors (on this last point partnership conventions are being pursued nationwide at this stage, with a commitment of 50 local partnerships and 8 national partnerships in 2006). Current activities of IGN include: -production of the Large Scale Referential called RGE (production and integration of topographic, orthoimagery, addresses and cadastre databases with at least metric precision, to cover the national territory in a seamless way) -unification of topographical database and road/address database into a multi-representation data base -the Integration of cadastral data into a vector database integrated in the RGE -“Diffnum” in-house project aiming to set up online catalogues, and a online data repository of IGN data bases (hence with a focus on metadata and data interoperability) -“Majec” (continuous update of topographic and cartographic data bases) thanks to field presence and integration of local resources -Development of partnerships with local authorities and SDICs for integration of locally acquired data into the RGE large scale referential -Leading role into definition and maintenance of the world geodetic referential ITRF -Research and development on generalisation, multiple representation, image processing, stereoplotting, numerical cameras, geodesy…with participation of research projects from the 6th framework program or the Galileo consortium -Teaching and training (from technician level to post-graduate level) Concretely: -IGN is coordinator of the current EuroStat-financed SDIGER pilot project, aiming at the construction of a cross-border inter-administration multi-lingual Spatial Data Infrastructure to support WFD -Water Framework Directive- information access for Adour-Garonne and Ebro River basins. In particular IGN has already been involved on timely feedback to CEN/TC287 pertaining to the new CEN metadata core profile. -IGN is regional coordinator for the EuroRegionalMap and EuroGlobalMap projects, that were initially developed in the eContent framework. IGN is also involved in the other eContent projects SABE and EuroRoadS under coordination of the EuroGeographics association. -IGN participates in the Eurospec program from the EuroGeographics association, in its various components (EuroRoadS, EuroBoundaries) and in its working groups (Information and Data specification, Distributed System Architecture). -IGN is involved, through its commercial branch IGN France International and through supplying of expertise, in the following European sponsored, INSPIRE relevant ETC-TE (European Topic Centre Terrestrial Environment) on CLC2000 database production (3 experts from IGN France International out of 4), with leadership on “spatial information on water systems”, and lead on “urban planning” and “noise” themes. -IGN coordinates the European MESSINA project (INTERREG programme) on coastal management gap bridging through capability raising. -IGN is key partner in the Production of a worldwide orthoimagery and elevation data base in co-operation with Spot Image (Reference3D product) -IGN was and is involved in Various GI research projects, within the 5th FP and the 6th FP: MurMur, V-Planet, Spirit (Spatially Aware Information Retrieval on Internet), WalkOnWeb (technical and economic feasibility of a cross-border web service for walkers), etc.
    Comments: 
    IGN is a LMO in the sense of the call for expression of interest in the development of INSPIRE. It also, owing to the number of its employees (1800) and variety of its components and activities (information collection, database production, data integration, commercialization, partnership with local authorities, research and development, training, normalization, etc.), can be categorized as an SDIC, if applicable. It must be emphasized that IGN is a public authority but can also be viewed as a research organisation, and last as active in private sector activities, in particular for the sale of non-subsidized products (paper maps, etc.). IGN France and its IGN-France International branch is currently at the forefront of the INSPIRE development as coordinator of the INSPIRE pilot project called “SDIGER”. IGN France and its IGN-France International branch has been and is actively involved in INSPIRE relevant projects, from eContent (EuroGlobalMap, EuroRegionalMap, SABE, EuroRoadS), DG Environment (Eurosion), European Environment Agency (ETC-TE), ERDF (Messina), etc
    Area of work/experience
    Geographic Domain:: 
    National
    France
    Societal Sector: 
    central government + research + education + commercial
    Previous Experience relevant for INSPIRE development: 
    SDIGER pilot project for INSPIRE This project, supported by EUROSTAT aims at the construction of a cross-border inter-administration multi-lingual Spatial Data Infrastructure to support WFD (Water Framework Directive) information access for Adour-Garonne and Ebro River basins. IGN France is coordinator; it also provides national core data (administrative units, roads networks, railways network, watercourse network, place names), will provide a servers node of the SDI scenario in Paris for basic core data of France, and also host in its Toulouse regional agency a node managed by GIS-ECOBAG association and providing specialized hydrological models, will collect data accessible to the developed multilingual gazetteer for the French area, will be responsible for the common object oriented model and of the configuration of the servers in the server data architecture, will be main responsible of the internet application that will enable seamless use of the various map services, contribute to the business plan for implanting INSPIRE at European level, be responsible for the maintenance of the nodes located in France, and will be main responsible in producing the report and related documentation for the application scenario. Contact: norlova@ignfi.fr ETC-TE IGN France International participates in the European Topic Center on Terrestrial Environment as principal contributor (3 experts out of 4) on the production of the CORINE Land cover database 2000 (formation, control of quality…) as well as active on water, noise, urban zones. Contact: oouisse@ignfi.fr , Web site http://terrestrial.eionet.eu.int/ Eurosion IGN France was actively involved in this assessment of the coastal erosion in Europe, and is now active in the MESSINA gap bridging project on the same domain. Contact: oouisse@ignfi.fr EuroRegionalMap This is a project from EuroGeographics, a 1/250K data base. IGN France is responsible for coordination on a large area in western and southern Europe. Contact: francois.chirie@ign.fr EuroGlobalMap This is a project from EuroGeographics, a topographic 1/1000K data base of 35 European countries that is suitable to support the European’s Commission Water Framework Directive Contact: francois.chirie@ign.fr . SABE This project initiated thanks to the eContent program is now a project from EuroGeographics (Seamless Administrative Boundaries for Europe) is a database covering 35 European countries and the whole European union, in 2 scales: 1/100K and 1/1000K. Contact: francois.chirie@ign.fr EuroSpec The EuroSpec program from EuroGeographics is an umbrella program. IGN France is deeply involved in EuroSpec, having representatives in the information and data specification core team, distributed system architecture core team, EuroBoundaries administrative issues team, EuroRoads work programs (see below). Contact: Nicolas.lesage@ign.fr; Dominique.laurent@ign.fr; francois.chirie@ign.fr EuroBoundaries This project aims at delivering a set of « definitive » points for national boundaries at the highest possible scale, with precision 1 meter or better in the ETRS89 system and starts with a feasibility study. Contact: francois.chirie@ign.fr EuroRoadS This project aims at building a platform for road data solutions throughout Europe through a framework of specifications consisting of a roads data structure, a data content description, data exchange mechanisms and interoperability specifications. IGN France participates in 3 of the 9 actions of the project, namely WP6 (road data specification framework), WP5 (user requirements) and WP2 (evaluation, quality and control). Contact: Dominique.laurent@ign.fr; francois.chirie@ign.fr
    Primary Business: 
    surveying, mapping, photogrammetry, remote sensing and aerial photography, database production, integration of geographic information
    Environmental application domains: 
    Potentially all domains. Concrete experience in water system management, coastal erosion, noise, urban development, industrial risk assessment, natural risk assessment (floods)