INSPIRE Knowledge Base


LMO Description
Proposed role in INSPIRE development
  • submit reference material as input to the Drafting Teams
  • yes
  • be kept informed
  • yes
  • implement pilot projects to test/revise/develop the draft Implementing Rules
  • yes
    Level of authority: 
    Formal Mandate: 
    <p>The UNEP World Conservation Monitoring<br /> Centre (UNEP-WCMC) is a collaboration<br /> between the United Nations Environment<br /> Programme, the world's foremost<br /> intergovernmental environmental<br /> organization, and WCMC(UK), a UK-based<br /> charity. UNEP-WCMC is UNEP’s specialist<br /> biodiversity assessment arm, and the<br /> Centre for UNEP’s collaboration with WCMC<br /> 2000.<br /> UNEP-WCMC is UNEP's specialist<br /> biodiversity arm, mandated by the<br /> Governing Council to provide a range of<br /> biodiversity-related services to UNEP,<br /> Governments, Multilateral Environmental<br /> Agreements and their Party States, NGOs<br /> and the private sector. We also enjoy<br /> other, more specific, mandates deriving<br /> from decisions made by the Parties to<br /> conventions such as the Convention on<br /> Biological Diversity, the Convention on<br /> Migratory Species, the Convention on<br /> International Trade in Endangered Species,<br /> the UN Convention to Combat<br /> Desertification, and the UN Framework<br /> Convention on Climate Change. Datasets<br /> which are relevant to these Conventions<br /> including Protected Areas, Indicators,<br /> Species, Carbon, Soil and Marine and<br /> Coastal Habitat Data.<br /> We will be able to offer an international<br /> perspective on the interoperability of the<br /> INSPIRE standards with global-level<br /> processes, which EU Member States also<br /> have obligations to meet. This is of<br /> direct relevance to the implementation of<br /> Articles 7(1) and 8(2) of the INSPIRE<br /> Directive.</p>
    Main Activities: 
    We maintain several databases that are used in global and regional scale assessments of the environment. These include: the World Database on Protected Areas, originally established in 1981. It is a joint project between UNEP-WCMC and IUCN’s World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). The WDPA is the most complete dataset on the world's terrestrial and marine protected areas, featuring protected areas in every country. It has core standards that have been adopted by many countries around the world, including EU countries. It is also used to generate the UN List of Protected Areas and to report against CBD targets. Several EU Member States have already adopted the WDPA core standards and identifier in their national databases. We maintain a global database on species distributions and trade, which are used in work for CITES and CMS. We also maintain several global coastal habitat datasets, and have developed a global soil carbon spatial dataset. In addition, we host The CBD- mandated Biodiversity Indicators Partnership, the global initiative to promote and coordinate development and delivery of biodiversity indicators in support of the CBD, Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEA), IPBES, national and regional governments and a range of other sectors. The Partnership brings together over forty organizations working internationally on indicator development to provide the most comprehensive information on biodiversity trends. At the Tenth Conference of the Parties to the CBD (COP 10), the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 which includes the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, was adopted. Progress towards these targets will be measured through a range of indicators which are currently under development and building on those used for measuring progress towards the 2010 Biodiversity Target. All EU Member States are Contracting Parties to the CBD, and will be requested to report against the Aichi Targets of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, based on the indicators under development. As such, ensuring harmonisation and interoperability of indicators, their underlying datasets and standards, that are used for reporting against the CBD Strategic Plan (which Contracting Parties report against at the national level), and regional assessments is paramount for resource efficiency and consistency of assessments across scales.
    Area of work/experience
    Geographic Domain:: 
    Societal Sector: 
    Environment - Conservation, Biodiversity
    Previous Experience relevant for INSPIRE development: 
    UNEP-WCMC has 30 years experience in creating, managing, and maintaining large spatial environmental datasets. We have developed global standards for protected areas and have an MoU with the EEA to ensure regular data flows between the WDPA and the EEA. We are users and developers of various other datasets that fall within the INSPIRE data themes, as noted above.
    Primary Business: 
    Biodiversity and Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment
    Environmental application domains: 
    Monitoring Biodiversity; Monitoring Wetland; Monitoring Coastal habitats, coastal zone management, Monitoring Protected Sites, Spatial Planning, Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation,