The Norwegian NSDI cooperation "Norway Digital" was established in 2005. The cooperation now comprises more than 500 parties, including about 50 governmental authorities and ministries with interest in spatial data management, all municipalities (more than 350), all county administrations and 130 electricity and other utility companies. The participation of each party is formalised by means of an agreement. The Norwegian NSDI has a broad representation from different sector organisations.
The Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation recommends and mandates Norway Digital to coordinate actions by the parties to fulfil requirements defined in the Norwegian Geodata act (2010). The Geodata act and bylaws implements the Inspire directive in Norwegian law in accordance with the EEA Agreement, cf. point 1j in Chapter I of Annex XX of the Agreement. The Agreement apply a somewhat different implementation timetable for the EEA-EFTA member states. Hence the deadline for Norway on data harmonization is 2020 for Annex I data and 2023 for Annex II and III data.
“Norway Digital” is the focal point for the Inspire implementation. The INSPIRE implementation efforts have in the recent years mainly focused on the identification, description and tagging of as-is INSPIRE datasets, and progress has been good.
These data are of high-quality and are being used in everyday digital work flows in municipalities, county administrations, national authorities and the private sector. Most of the data are harmonized according to national data specifications, adapted to the national legislation and everyday work in most sector activities, e.g. roads and rail management, crisis management, environmental management at all levels, land use and city planning, coastal zone management, fisheries, agriculture, defence and security. The Norwegian as-is data aims to follow major Inspire regulations, such as data sharing principles and accessibility of network services etc. The quality of data content has increased steadily the last years, as has the use in digital processes. Data and services are well documented with metadata following the INSPIRE principles. The Norwegian implementation may be seen as a model for integration of Inspire spatial data infrastructure into the digital economy and digital public work flows.
Concerning harmonization requirement, saying that national data are to follow European data models (Inspire data models), progress is lower, but Norway has pr. 1.1.2020 eleven harmonized datasets available in the INSPIRE geoportal.
Many organisations offer sector specific data. 19 organisations offer data that falls under the Inspire directive thematic focus.
The data content that is delivered generally holds a very high quality, with a high level of detail. Many of the Norwegian Inspire data services are incorporating or based on detailed data from locally organised data capture. Many of the themes also have a reasonable to high updating frequency.
The Inspire directive and underlying regulations define a series of requirements. Norway has a dedicated work on delivering according to the requirements. There is a good overall response on data sharing. The number of services has increased during 2019. Some major results for 2019 is as follows;
However, the developments towards all technical requirements is relatively low. This may be seen in several validation services offered by the European Commission. The coupling of data sets and services is important for users to find data. The values (see table above) is still relatively low, but work is under way. Also when it comes to conformity of services, the progress is relatively low.
Delivery of priority environmental reporting data
EU Commission has defined certain Inspire data sets to be of high priority. This accounts for specified environmental reporting data (LOPD). EU Commission in cooperation with the European Environment Agency (EEA) has published a list of about 100 data sets. However many of those data sets are not part of the EEA-agreement. Thus, a lower number is to be delivered from Norway. At the end of 2019 16 LOPD datasets are actively distributed as Inspire data sets from Norway. Examples of the identified datasets to be delivered from Norway are given below.
Data to Eurostat, EU Commission Services, EEA, Copernicus.
The Norwegian Inspire data sets are to serve EU bodies and communities, such as Eurostat, EU Commission Services, European Environment Agency (EEA) and Copernicus services, particularly the Copernicus in-situ (Corda) system. Through 2019 the Norwegian Mapping Authority has had contact with representatives for the above mentioned services. Their signals om priority Inspire data are valuable, as efforts then may focus on covering priority needs with these bodies and communities. In this work Norway will have a particular focus on delivering data that fulfils user requirements, e.g. on data quality.
National geospatial strategy and action plan.
A National Geodata strategy was launched in late 2018. In this strategy the government sets an aim to boost the use of spatial data in the Norwegian society, in order fulfil the UN sustainability goals, boost economy and develop an effective and well-functioning public sector. There is a specific focus on developing quality data, with full coverage, up to date information, and accurate localization. User assessment show that data quality is too low to fulfil the existing and planned user needs. An action plan with 29 specific actions has been developed, e.g. on geoportal developments.