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INSPIRE in RDF: increasing semantic interoperability for European geospatial data?

Robin Smith, Michael Lutz, Mónica Lopez Potes, Bart van Leeuwen, José Enrique Soriano, Lorena Hernandez and Clemens Portele

(Submission #133)


Abstract

INSPIRE is now widely recognised within European e-government activities as a key example supporting cross-border and cross-sector interoperability with its inclusion as actions within the 2016-2020 European e-Government Action Plan and the new European Interoperability Framework. As the Semantic Web is becoming a reality and location remains a key means to organise and link data, the comprehensive INSPIRE data models offer a unique opportunity for creating semantically rich and agreed descriptions of geographical features in a consistent way across Europe. Publishing INSPIRE data via RDF evolves and improves the access of different actors and stakeholders to the INSPIRE information, as it is a wide extended format in the World Wide Web that, for example, can be indexed by search engines. Thus, the publication under RDF offers a new way for actors to discover the data published under the INSPIRE Directive. In order to develop common approaches for creating RDF (Resource Description Framework) vocabularies and using them to publish INSPIRE data as linked data, work is being undertaken to developing RDF encoding guidelines and to test them in practice through two pilots. The first pilot is being run by Guadaltel with support from CNIG Spain and involves sharing mainly hydrology spatial objects for public administrations in Andalusia. The Second pilot is being run by Netage with support from the Dutch cadastre and involves using spatial objects from different themes to support better location information for fire services in the Netherlands and, potentially, across borders. The experiences from the pilot implementation will provide feedback to the proposed guidelines, which then will be presented to the INSPIRE Maintenance and Implementation Group (MIG) as possible alternative encoding rules or best practices for linked INSPIRE data. Our presentation will outline the two pilots, thus demonstrating the feasibility of representing and using INSPIRE data in RDF. It will also outline some of the benefits for the different actors involved in this technical approach for e-government applications. More specifically, it will show how INSPIRE data is being shared and the roles different actors are playing from the perspective of data providers, private sector actors and the organisations making use of INSPIRE data as RDF.

Categories

Topic Area:  [2.8] Innovation and technologies for spatial data collection, processing and integration in spatial data infrastructures (for example; Galileo/EGNOSS, Copernicus data and services, sensor web, Internet of Things, Big Data analytics)
Abstract Type:  Oral Presentation

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