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Ensuring a coherent implementation of INSPIRE in the context of Open Data – the strategy of the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure

Dirk Jacke and Roland Goetzke

(Submission #381)


Abstract

With the INSPIRE directive, authorities in Europe for the first time were given the legal mandate to make data publicly available “by default”. For geo-information, the principle of “openness” has proven itself in recent years and important experiences with standardisation and implementation could be made in this sphere long before the idea of “open data” found its way into other fields where public authorities publish digital data. In December 2016, Germany joined the Open Government Partnership (OGP). Subsequently, an “open data act” was passed in the German parliament in May 2017. Nevertheless, despite the expected high economical and societal value, open data is still endowed with many unknowns for most of the public authorities in Germany. Open data is a process accompanied by a change in thinking and acting towards responsible transparency. The German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) has adopted a pioneering role for open data, drawing on experiences from the implementation of INSPIRE. At national level, we have already successfully implemented several key initiatives: • a geo-information-strategy for the Ministry • a funding program for data-driven innovations (mFUND) • an open-data-portal (mCLOUD) • a marketplace for real-time data from road traffic (MDM) • public hackathons with open data • a data portal for disseminating remote sensing data from the Copernicus program (CODE-DE) The strategic perspective of BMVI is aimed at establishing a culture of transparency and innovation to provide the basis for the mobility system of the future. In this context, it will be important to ensure a coherent implementation of INSPIRE. Since publication of data as open data has until now been voluntary for federal authorities, the provision of data according to the INSPIRE guidelines is sometimes perceived as an additional mandate. Although the new Open Data Act defines publication as mandatory, there are, unlike INSPIRE, hardly any technical specifications defined yet. Furthermore, observers from the open data community note that data published according to INSPIRE specifications is often not utilized due to high complexity and a lack of implementation in corresponding GIS-software. In the context of the BMVI open data strategy, we are working on bringing the obligations resulting from INSPIRE together with new open data concepts and solutions. The funding program mFUND for supporting data-driven innovations, which will presented at the conference, is playing an important role for the implementation of this strategy and facilitating the practical use of open data.

Categories

Topic Area:  [4.1]INSPIRE Thinking out of the box – INSPIRE innovation
Abstract Type:  Oral Presentation

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