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Visualization of Iberian Peninsula Species Geographic Information using Linked Open Data INSPIRE compliant

Javier Garcia Guzman, Laura Luquero Ramos, Ramón Baiget Llompart, Mat Max Montalvo Martinez and Jesús Estrada Villegas

(Submission #160)


Nowadays, the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment (MAPAMA), of Spain and the Directorate General for Territory, under Ministry of Environment (DGT), of Portugal, are working on Cross-Nature project whose main goal is to develop a Digital Service Infrastructure to share using Linked Open Data technologies information regarding natural species distribution putting specific focus on services oriented towards alien invasive species (AIS) control and biodiversity protection. The foundations of those services are nature and biodiversity datasets that came from the different countries and public administrations, as Portugal and Spain as main central core. The problem addressed in this article is the related to provide geographic information services, INSPIRE compliant, in charge of presenting the actual distribution of species coming from different databases from different countries using Linked Open Data (LOD) technologies. Even more, it is necessary to provide the mechanisms to enhance the interoperability of the mentioned data that are represented in different cartographic reference systems and using different coding systems to represent similar information. To address these issues, two LOD end points are created, one in Spain and other in Portugal. Using these LOD end-points, a single cartographic information service provides information on the actual distribution of natural species in the Iberian Peninsula integrating the information from Portuguese, Spanish and European Repositories published in RDF format without needing to know or manage the internal models or format managed by the mentioned legal entities. To fulfil these objectives, a series of activities were carried out:

1) Determine which data sources are necessary, what format should be used to share the information and to specify the data management plan.

2) Identify vocabularies and define an ontology to manage the information regarding natural species already available in INSPIRE compliant facilities.

3) Identify vocabularies and define an ontology to manage the species distribution information in different reference models.

4) Implement Portuguese and Spanish end-points (connected to EUNIS facilities) able to query the species information published in RDF format.

5) Implement a geographic information service to present the species distribution information in the Iberian Peninsula using SPARQL. Finally, the paper discusses the problems found and the lessons learned relevant to replicate this work to integrate more INSPRIRE compliant datasets coming from different countries or legal entities.


Topic Area:  [2.2] International cooperation at EU/EFTA/EEA level
Abstract Type:  Oral Presentation and paper in IJSDIR

Additional Fields

Academic:   Yes
Data Provider:   Yes
Data User:   Yes
INSPIRE Implementer (IT):   Yes
INSPIRE newbies:   No
Policy Officers:   Yes
Public Administration (MS/Regional/Local):   Yes
Thematic specialists:   No
Comments:   INSPIRE, linked open data, RDF, SPARQL, interoperability, species, plinian core

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