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The GEOSS Platform – Towards a Big EO Data System Linking Global Users and Data Providers

Stefano Nativi, Joost van Bemmelen, Paola De Salvo, Mattia Santoro, Paolo Mazzetti and Guido Colangeli

(Submission #220)


In the first decade of activity (2005-2014), the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) built the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) as a brokering system interconnecting existing data infrastructures and providing harmonized discovery and access to a wide range of datasets. Over the last years, emerging requirements from new GEO communities and applications, guided the evolution of the GEOSS architecture from a small set of centralized components (i.e. the GEOSS Common Infrastructure: GCI) to a coordinated framework supporting advanced capabilities: the GEOSS Platform. The current GEOSS Platform provides collaborative services, tools and re-usable components enabling and speeding-up the development and customization of portals and apps by Communities-of-Practice. An interesting and actual GEOSS Platform use case involves the DBAR “Digital Belt and Road” initiative, aiming at using EO Satellite and in-situ data from multiple sources for the Belt & Road regions. It encompasses 65 countries facing common challenges calling for cooperation across borders (e.g. global environmental change, food security, protection of world heritage sites, unbalanced economic and urban development and disaster risk assessment). Data and Services from European - e.g. Sentinel, INSPIRE, Copernicus -, American - e.g. Landsat -, and Chinese sources, all available from the GEOSS Platform, will be instrumental to respond to these common challenges. While leveraging GEO International cooperation efforts at global level, it is fundamental to down scale it at regional and local level. Relevant parts of GEOSS Platform development result from EDGE (European Direction in GCI Enhancements), an ESA-managed project co-funded under the EU Horizon 2020 programme. It paves the way for GEOSS 2020 where users and their needs drive evolutions. Indeed, GEOSS evolutions rest on three pillars: collaboration - with users -, customization - in response to user needs - and re-use - of GEOSS Platform tools. First results are already visible from the GEOSS Portal ( offering user-tailored views resulting from discussions with the various stakeholders. Several communities and initiatives are already being integrated and others will follow, resulting into bi-directional benefits. They include GEO Flagships, GEO Initiatives, Copernicus Services and ESA Thematic and Mission Exploitation Platforms. With these developments, GEOSS is moving towards a platform of platforms that it is willing to be.


Topic Area:  [2.3] Global cooperation
Abstract Type:  Oral Presentation

Additional Fields

Academic:   Yes
Data Provider:   Yes
Data User:   Yes
INSPIRE Implementer (IT):   No
INSPIRE newbies:   No
Policy Officers:   Yes
Public Administration (MS/Regional/Local):   Yes
Thematic specialists:   Yes
Comments:   GEOSS, GEOSS Platform, Copernicus, INSPIRE, Data Providers, Users, Tools, Platform of Platforms

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