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Current CO2 emission rates and their impact in the world make the need to plan the shift towards a low carbon economy paramount, especially in areas where most of the emissions are produced: the built environment. Nevertheless, carrying out urban planning activities considering energy aspects is not immediate: there is a lack of tools to evaluate the current energy status of urban settings and relevant public data is usually not available.
Among all data required, geospatial data is in this field of extreme importance. They can be conceived as inherent within energy urban planning: analysis of geometry, interaction among elements, distances, orientations, topography, shadows, etc. are a basic requirement and even more so when generating Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs). Moreover, the analysis of similar characteristics within a determined area can lead towards increased replicability, enabling the scaling up of strategies, which foster a higher impact with the use of reduced resources.
The INSPIRE Directive sheds light upon this very important matter by granting a framework for standardised exchange of geospatial data to be deployed in energy urban planning. In this sense, how these data was deployed is explained with an example of the development of an energy demand mapping tool to support energy urban planning towards the decarbonisation of buildings and districts. In this context, the role of INSPIRE was explored in two different tasks. Firstly, to estimate energy demand with Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) tools validated at national level, building data is necessary. These are extracted from the Spanish Cadastre, where INSPIRE is currently under implementation. Secondly, considering EPCs as the most stable source for building energy benchmarking and also following the lead of the ELISE Energy Pilot project, a task towards the INSPIRE harmonisation of EPC datasets was explored in Spain, based on the results of one of the use cases of the ELISE Energy Pilot project (focused on the harmonisation of Trento’s EPCs datasets).
Main lessons learnt from the usage of INSPIRE datasets and the harmonisation tasks are tackled. As a conclusion, harmonisation of data and the implementation of adequate exchange mechanisms will be proven of the utmost importance to grant on the one hand a common understanding of the datasets, interoperability among tools, and, as a consequence, the possibility to replicate solutions (such as homogenised energy calculation methodologies) across borders.
Topic Area: [1.9] Energy (renewable – non-renewable) Abstract Type: Oral Presentation
Academic: Yes Data Provider: No Data User: Yes INSPIRE Implementer (IT): No INSPIRE newbies: Yes Policy Officers: No Public Administration (MS/Regional/Local): Yes Thematic specialists: No Comments: To be presented in the Energy & Location thematic session
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