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All You Need is Open Data

Antonio F. Rodríguez, Emilio López, Pedro Vivas, Celia Sevilla and Juan Manuel Rodríguez

(Submission #341)


Abstract

The “Mid-term evaluation report on INSPIRE implementation” (2014) recognizes in its results the positive contribution of Open Data movement in INSPIRE implementation as a leverage for impulse open data and services policy, data interoperability and national data sharing arrangements. It concludes that there is a very positive synergy between INSPIRE implementation and Open Data. We think at CNIG Spain that a very convincing discourse is to offer interactive INSPIRE Open services to try to solve the user requirements and recommending dataset download as Open Data just in case services were not able to satisfy their needs. By the other hand, although a lot of organizations and initiatives are promoting and recommending publishing government data as Open Data (Open Data Charter, International Open Data Charter, European Location Framework v2, UN-GGIM, Re-use PSI Directives 2003/98/CE and 2013/37/UE…) and Open Data benefits are well known, there are only between 7 % to 11 % (depending of the index) of key public datasets fully open. There are many possible reasons to this dramatic shortage of Open Data, one of them is that everybody speaks about Open Data but it is not easy to find a standard practical definition of what means exactly the concept of Open Data. The consequence is that each one understands the concept in its own way. Someone has defined Open Data as “data published without any kind of legal, technical and economical barrier for its use and reuse” and this is a very good definition from a theoretical point of view but it has some kind of utopic character and it suggests the need of defining an Open Data indicator with continuous values to describe the situation of a particular dataset or the data published by an organization or in a country. In the Spanish Technical Committee UNE/CTN148 “Digital Geographic Information” we have chosen another approach and during 2017 we were working in the definition of UNE 148004:2018 Geographic Open Data (GOD) to have a practical operative definition of Open Data in the field of Geographic Information allowing evaluation and certification activities in order to better describe the situation regarding GOD and promoting its implementation. The standard defines three discrete levels of openness as a more practical and operative approach than having a continuous numerical index. This presentation summarizes the scope, philosophy, concepts and abstract test suite of this standard and makes a brief analysis of its main characteristics.

Categories

Topic Area:  [2.1] National approaches and strategies
Abstract Type:  Oral Presentation

Additional Fields

 
Academic:   No
 
Data Provider:   Yes
 
Data User:   No
 
INSPIRE Implementer (IT):   No
 
INSPIRE newbies:   No
 
Policy Officers:   No
 
Public Administration (MS/Regional/Local):   No
 
Thematic specialists:   No
 
Comments:   SDI, Open Data, reúse, public sector information, Open Services


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