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Introducing CAP monitoring for EU wide compliance assurance of rural policy measures.

Wim Devos, Philippe Loudjani, Pavel Milenov and Guido Lemoine

(Submission #344)


The requirement for simplification of the management operations and reduction of control burden for area-based support measures has led the Commission to propose CAP monitoring as a new methodology to assure compliance with the area payment schemes and integrate future ideas for performance metrics for overarching environmental and climate targets. A core requirement for CAP monitoring is its continuous application to the complete Member State territory, rather than the discrete temporal and spatial sampling approach applied in the current On The Spot Controls. As its technical basis, a high quality Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS) together with the fully deployed Geospatial Aid Application (GSAA) ensure reliable capturing of the agricultural area that defines the spatial extent of the eligible farming practices. Copernicus high resolution data series from the Sentinel-1 and -2 sensors provide the necessary information for the "markers" that indicate the presence (or absence) of the required land management phenomena, and thus could that confirm the declared use. The expression of the characteristics and properties of the observable land phenomenon (matter, appearance, life cycle) and the structure of the relevant semantic information is done through a modelling approach, designed in-house. It applies the semantic concept of the Land Cover Meta Language (ISO 19144-2) through the introduction of an elementary land cover element, called "tegon". It allows the identification and facilitates the selection of the proper "markers" to trace the agricultural activity and could help the integration of field (farmer) and EO (Sentinel) data. The consistency of the Copernicus data series for country-wide assessments is expected to enable the introduction of multi-annual schemes that aim at more advanced environmental and climate targets, such as suitable rotations and reduced tillage measures, maintenance of permanent grassland, follow land abandonment, etc. At the same time, the CAP monitoring methodology improves on the detection of adverse practices that are difficult to detect with the original sampled approach (e.g. stubble burning). We will provide practical examples how CAP monitoring is being tested in pilot projects across EU Member States. We will discuss how open access to relevant reference data (such as LPIS, ortho-imagery) and re-use of Sentinel data processing capacities could assist, in extension, environmental compliance assurance applications.


Topic Area:  [1.4] Compliance assurance¬† and environmental crime
Abstract Type:  Oral Presentation

Additional Fields

Academic:   No
Data Provider:   No
Data User:   No
INSPIRE Implementer (IT):   No
INSPIRE newbies:   No
Policy Officers:   Yes
Public Administration (MS/Regional/Local):   No
Thematic specialists:   No
Comments:   CAP, monitoring and control, Copernicus, Sentinels, open data

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