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INSPIRE Good Practice: SDMX for Human Health and Population Distribution

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Dear colleagues,

Please have a look at the following good practice example prepared by Eurostat & JRC regarding reporting Census 2021 results. Eurostat welcomes any comments until 10/10/2019, then the document will be submitted to INSPIRE-MIG for approval. Please feel free to post your comments in this topic and have a look at the supporting documents available for download here:

Paper: Integration of INSPIRE & SDMX data infrastructures for the 2021 population and housing census

Presentation: Integration of INSPIRE & SDMX data infrastructures for the 2021 Census

Name of the GP


Description of the GP

SDMX, which stands for Statistical Data and Metadata eXchange is an ISO standard (17369:2013). It is  designed to describe statistical data and metadata, to normalise their exchange, and to enable them to be shared more efficiently among organisations. SDMX has three key components: I) a information model to describe data and metadata[1]; II) a standard for automated communication[2] and III) an IT architecture and set of tools for data and metadata exchange[3].

INSPIRE component(s)

Data, Metadata


Normative reference as defined in ISO standard, 17369:2013


Other references

Current technical specification of SDMX 2.1 – Consolidated Version 2013

Paper + presentation at the Joint UNECE/UNGGIM Europe Workshop on Integrating Geospatial and Statistical Standards:

Relevance & expected benefits


Statistical data are stored in a structured harmonized approach. Code list are stored in dedicated registries. By using SDMX data directly for INSPIRE several advantages are achieved: e.g. usage of semantically harmonized data, storing and updating data only once and leaving data at its source

avoidance of duplication of transformation, synchronization issues across datasets, publishing

machine to machine readable data.  

Intended Outcome

Reuse already existing statistical data provided in SDMX (ISO 17369:2013).

Evidence of implementation & support


Several reference implementations of SDMX are available for usage are available. Official sponsors and users of SDMX are the following organisations: Eurostat (the Statistical Office of the European Union); Bank for International Settlements (BIS); Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD); European Central Bank (ECB); International Monetary Fund (IMF); United Nations (UN) and The World Bank Group (WB). A document[4] describing (some of) the existing implementations is available.

A summary documents[5] examples of running SDMX endpoints for different domains in production at the European Union Level. Eurostat maintains a series of endpoints[6] for SDMX with the SOAP and REST protocol.

Member states distributed data not only for human health and population distribution but also for a variety of domains[7]. Commercial[8] and open source implementations[9] are available. Statistical Office in Finland[10], Slovenia[11] and Netherlands[12] use it already for data dissemination and visualization in different software frameworks (e.g., Stage, Geoserver TJS extension)



Any organization providing data using SDMX must map their internal data structure into the SDMX information model.  


Statistics & Health

Statistics & Health

Join this group if you would like to share knowledge or ask questions regarding the INSPIRE implementation of Statistical Units [SU], Population Distribution (Demography) [PD] or Human Health and Safety [HH] data themes